Potential of Biomass in Developing Renewable Energy: Wood Pellet Trade from U.S and Development of Aviation Fuel from Oilseed Crops
U. Rahman  2018.  M.S. Thesis.

Abstract:
Interest in renewable energy is increasing all over the world. The use of biomass as renewable energy is also rising. Different policy initiative and targets incentivize the growth of renewable energy as well as the use of biomass as renewable energy. Thus, this study assesses the potential of biomass in the export market and evaluates the potential of energy crop within the U.S. The first chapter examines factors and renewable policies that affect wood pellet export of U.S by using commodity specific gravity model. A monthly panel dataset of 11 countries of wood pellet export quantity is examined. The results suggested that, importer renewable electricity productions, U.S GDP, and U.S renewable energy policy which gives incentive to U.S wood pellet production positively affect U.S wood pellet export where importerís research and development policy for their wood pellet production and barrier policy or the trade regulation policy for biomass adversely affect U.S wood pellet exports. Furthermore, the second chapter of the thesis analyzes the potential of camelina an oilseed crop potential as renewable aviation fuel as the interest in using renewable aviation fuel is rising. Camelina has good oil content thus has the potential to supply the renewable aviation fuel. Camelina can be produced as a rotation crop and winter cover crop. This study considers camelina production as winter cover crop and analyzes the potential to supply renewable aviation fuel through a crop enterprise budget, Environmental Policy Integrated Model (EPIC) and POLYSYS model. This study calculates the cost of producing camelina, analysis the average yield variability in the U.S and stimulates a national supply curve of camelina for different price scenarios. In the end, the supply of renewable aviation fuel form camelina also generated at the national level.