Estimating the Supply of Ecosystem Services from Small-Scale Forests: Challenges and Opportunities
Japelj, A., and D. G. Hodges.  2017.  Interconnecting Forests, Science and People, p. 533, In: Book of Abstracts from 125th Anniversary Meeting of the International Union of Forest Research Organizations, Freiburg, Germany.

Ensuring a sustainable supply of forest ecosystem services in many parts of the world will depend on private forest owners' willingness to manage for such outputs. While private ownership comprises only 20 percent of the total forest area globally, this share has been increasing over the past two decades, and is likely to continue to grow. Additionally, this ownership class comprises the majority of forest owners in some countries. Private forest landowners may be willing suppliers of ecosystem services, provided appropriate incentives exist, but a number of factors will influence these decisions, including owner and ownership characteristics. While many countries are beginning to implement, or at a minimum consider, policies to encourage private forest owners to adopt management practices that enhance ecosystem services, little information is available regarding how such factors influence their decisions. This presentation will discuss the importance of private forests for timber and key ecosystem services, then review prior research and available national data related to private landowner objectives and management practices, by ownership size and ecosystem service provision. Finally, research needs for estimating the potential supply of selected ecosystem services will be identified, as well as the potential problems in conducting the proposed research.