Fatty Acids-Based Surfactants and their Uses
Hayes, D. G.  2017.  Fatty Acids: Chemistry, Synthesis, and Applications, edited by Moghis Ahmad, Amsterdam, Elsevier, pp. 355-384.

Fatty acyl groups from oilseeds (e.g., palm, palm kernel, coconut, and other oils), animal fats, and their derivatives (e.g., fatty alcohols and amines) are major components of biobased surfactants. The latter is a growing sector of the surfactants and detergents market (currently at 24.2%), due to increased demand by consumers and users because, unlike surfactants derived from fossil fuels, their production and use does not generate carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas attributable to climate change. In addition, surfactants can be prepared via versatile chemistry platforms from fatty acyl groups and biobased hydrophiles (e.g., carbohydrates, amino acids, glycerol, and their derivatives) to address numerous applications in foods, cosmetics, personal care products, pharmaceuticals, paints and coatings, and other industrial sectors. This chapter reviews feedstocks for biobased surfactants, sustainability-related aspects of their preparation and use, and describes the synthesis, properties, and applications of several different biobased cationic, anionic, zwitterionic (amphoteric), and nonionic biobased surfactants, as well as glycolipid biosurfactants, which are derived via microorganisms.