Assessing multimetric aspects of sustainability: Application to a bioenergy crop production system in East Tennessee
Parish, E. S., V. Dale, B. C. English, S. W. Jackson, and D. D. Tyler.  2016.  Ecoshere, 7(2):e01206. 10.1002/ecs2.1206.

Abstract:
This paper connects the science of sustainability theory with applied aspects of sustainability deployment. A suite of 35 sustainability indicators spanning 12 environmental and socioeconomic categories has been proposed for comparing the sustainability of bioenergy production systems across different feedstock types and locations. A recent demonstration-scale switchgrass-to-ethanol production system located in East Tennessee was used to assess the availability of sustainability indicator data and associated measurements for the feedstock production and logistics portions of the biofuel supply chain. Knowledge pertaining to the available indicators was distributed within a hierarchical decision tree framework to generate an assessment of the overall sustainability of this no-till switchgrass production system relative to two alternative business-as-usual scenarios of unmanaged pasture and tilled corn production.